Fall Hunting: Do You Have Your Licence?
Article revised on 5 July 2017
For many outdoor enthusiasts in Quebec, fall is synonymous with hunting season. However, not everyone can hunt! Hunting with either a firearm, crossbow or bow requires in-depth knowledge of the weapon, and a licence.
Here are a few basic notions for hunting large or small game in the fall.
Even though hunting occurs year-round based on the type of game and the 28 hunting zones, hunters take to the woods most often in the fall.
Quebec residents aged 12 and older can hunt with a licence. To learn how to hunt, adults or children can get an initiation licence which grants them the same privileges and obligations as a regular hunter but they must be accompanied by a resident at least 25 years of age or older.
A hunter’s certificate is issued to individuals aged 12 or over who successfully completed a firearms and hunter safety education certificate for the hunting weapon (training course for the weapon they intend to use, i.e. a firearm, crossbow or bow). These courses can be taken at any time during the year, except from the end of September to mid-November. Get more information regarding this certificate from the ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs (MFFP).
Once you have a hunter’s certificate attesting you can handle your weapon, you must obtain a hunting licence. There are three types of licences:
- Small game (e.g. partridge, hare, pheasant)
- Big game (e.g. moose, deer, bear)
- Migratory game birds (e.g. goose, Canada geese, duck)
The first two fall under provincial jurisdiction. They can be obtained from authorized ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs sales agents, or sports and apparel stores, hardware stores, convenience stores or from any other authorized agent ( ZEC or an outfitting establishments). The third falls under federal jurisdiction and is issued by Environment Canada.
Note that migratory bird hunters must hold two licences: the small game licence and the migratory game birds licence.
How much does it cost?
For the 2016-2017 season, a Quebec resident would pay between $17.59 and $73.30 for a licence, depending on the hunting and game types. A non-resident hunter must pay between $92 and $485.
Hunting without a permit
Once you have your licence and equipment, you need to find your hunting zone and follow regulations. Hunting without a permit or violating hunting rules for each zone in Quebec can lead to fines varying from $200 to $1,825, depending on the violation.
To learn more about hunting in Quebec, here are a few handy links:
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